Learn to Use ITensor

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Delta and Diagonal ITensor

A diagonal ITensor is an ITensor with diagonal-sparse storage such that only its diagonal elements Tiii... are non-zero. (Diagonal elements mean elements obtained by setting each Index to the same value.)

Uses of diagonal ITensors include replacing one Index of an ITensor with another; tracing pairs of indices; and "tying" multiple indices into a single Index.

Diagonal ITensors can be constructed either by calling the delta or diagTensor functions:

• The delta function returns a diagonal ITensor whose diagonal elements are all 1.0. This introduces extra efficiencies as no memory is actually allocated since all elements are known to be the same.

• The diagTensor function can be used to construct general diagonal ITensors with different elements along the diagonal.

The functions delta and diagTensor are defined in "itensor/itensor.h"; also see "itensor/itensor.ih".

Synopsis

//
// Replace T's i Index with another Index l
//
auto T1 = ITensor(i,j,k);
T1 *= delta(i,l);

//
// Trace (sum over) a pair of indices
//
auto T2 = ITensor(i,j,prime(i));
T2 *= delta(i,prime(i));

//
// Tie multiple indices together
//
auto T3 = ITensor(i,prime(i),j,prime(i,2));
T3 *= delta(i,prime(i),prime(i,2),prime(i,3));


Specification

• delta(Index i1, Index i2, ...) -> ITensor

Given two or more indices, returns an ITensor having these indices and diagonal storage. All diagonal elements have the value 1.0.

• diagTensor(Container C, Index i1, Index i2, ...) -> ITensor

Given a container C (can be any container type) and a set of indices, returns an ITensor with these indices whose diagonal elements are the entries of the container, starting from C[0].

The container must be as large as the minimum size of the indices.